Case Studies

How Ayurveda helps in managing menstrual cramps

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Abstract: This case study assesses the use of Trailokya Vijaya Vati highlighting cannabis in the pain treatment during periods (menstrual pain/cramps) medically termed as Dysmenorrhoea. 

Menstrual cramps or period pain is caused largely by hormones called prostaglandins which are released from the lining of the uterus, the hormone also causes inflammation which aggravates the pain. Recent studies suggest that the female reproductive system has cannabinoid receptors and hence cannabis can prove effective in the treatment of menstrual pains, also that Cannabis has anti-inflammatory properties.

This is a case of a 21 yr old female with a known case of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) with bilateral renal calculus and how Trailokya Vijaya Vati helped her assuage the pain in a matter of just 7 days of treatment.

Ayurveda Perspective 

According to Ayurveda, during the menstrual cycle, the APANA VAYU which is connected to the VATA DOSHA and is responsible for the downward flow of the energy and mass to the pelvis aggressively works to cleanse uterine lining.  The increased VATA DOSHA hence causes SHOOLA (RAJASHOOLA)

Vijaya is having Tikta Rasa Ushna Virya it has laghu Tiksnha Guna and Katu Vipaka. Hence it pacifies the Vata Dosha and helps in the treatment of VATAJA SHOOLA. Ayurveda Rasatarangini has attributed 29 pharmacological indications for Vijaya in which RAJASHULA is included.

 Introduction

Cannabis is believed to have therapeutic uses for a variety of illnesses, including but not limited to chronic pain, headache, epilepsy, symptoms of multiple sclerosis, and gastrointestinal disorders. 
The science around cannabis and its ability to relieve menstrual pain are scarce but strongly promoted. 

The diversity of approaches for the consumption and use of cannabis might help increase its popularity. Ideally, as more people use cannabis for period pain, researchers will produce more science about the risks and benefits in hopes that we learn all about the amazing herb. And the possibility cannot be denied that Cannabis might be the only preferred drug/herb available worldwide for Dysmenorrhea in the mere future. 

Case Report

Patient description

A twenty-one-year-old girl was a known case of polycystic ovarian syndrome(PCOS) with bilateral renal calculus. 

Case history

She was also suffering from dysmenorrhea (excessive painful menses) and metrorrhagia (excessive bleeding).  Adding to all these troubles were her mood swings and anxiety episodes, making her health a subject of concern to her parents and directly impacting her studies. Her menstrual cycle was extending up to seven days a month with an entire week going in this pain every month. 

Sonography results

Her whole abdomen ultrasonography revealed hemorrhagic cysts in her bilateral ovaries. 

Treatment plan/ Medicines to be used – Trailokya Vijaya Vati

To overcome the pain and get the cysts removed naturally, she started her treatment at ‘The Ayurvedic Thyroid Clinic’ Pune, in the month of August 2020.  To beat her pain issue, she was kept on ‘TrilokayaVijayaVati’ in the month of October 2020, with a dose of one tablet two times a day. 

Expected outcome of the treatment plan

It was expected not immediately but gradually that the patient would find relief with her pain and also that she should be able to carry out her daily activity with some ease.

Actual outcome

Within a week of administering her ‘TrilokayaVijayaVati’, she started to feel relieved in terms of her menstrual cramps and pain like never before. Although the patient is still on the medication for PCOS, her immediate concern was this menstrual pain unbearable for her. The use of ayurvedic pain killer in the form of the classical formulation of ‘TrilokayaVijayaVati’ her pain reduced considerably, and she was motivated to continue with further treatment as her faith strengthened in the process. She believed firmly with the evidence as what ‘TrilokayaVijataVati’ did for her, even Meftal-Spas could not do.

Discussion

The treatment was decided on the basis of the predominance of VATA DOSHA involvement and pain management. The Vijaya as mentioned has anti-inflammatory properties and is also an effective VATAGHNA herb. It helps in reducing the pain gradually but effectively.

Conclusion

Cannabis is believed to have therapeutic uses for illnesses and pains, including menstrual discomfort. Researches are still scarce, but some studies show the effectiveness of cannabis on the relief of menstrual pain. 

Dr. Vikrant Patil, Consultant Ayurvedacharya

Published by Hempstreet

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